Solving NP-Complete Problems
by F. D. Lewis
Publisher: University of Kentucky 2013
Number of pages: 123
This is an on-line textbook on heuristic algorithms. From the table of contents: Classes of Problems; Integer Programming; Enumeration Techniques; Dynamic Programming; Approximate Solutions; Local Optimization; Natural Models.
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by Sanjeev Arora, Boaz Barak - Cambridge University Press
The book provides an introduction to basic complexity classes, lower bounds on resources required to solve tasks on concrete models such as decision trees or circuits, derandomization and pseudorandomness, proof complexity, quantum computing, etc.
by Martin Tompa
Lecture notes for a graduate course on computational complexity taught at the University of Washington. Alternating Turing machines are introduced very early, and deterministic and nondeterministic Turing machines treated as special cases.
This book is intended as an introductory textbook in Computability Theory and Complexity Theory, with an emphasis on Formal Languages. Its target audience is CS and Math students with some background in programming and data structures.
by Alexander Shen - arXiv.org
Algorithmic information theory studies description complexity and randomness. This text covers the basic notions of algorithmic information theory: Kolmogorov complexity, Solomonoff universal a priori probability, effective Hausdorff dimension, etc.