Cosmology and Astrophysics
by Juan Garcia-Bellido
Publisher: arXiv.org 2005
Number of pages: 76
In these lectures I review the present status of the so-called Standard Cosmological Model, based on the hot Big Bang Theory and the Inflationary Paradigm. I will make special emphasis on the recent developments in observational cosmology, mainly the acceleration of the universe, the precise measurements of the microwave background anisotropies, and the formation of structure like galaxies and clusters of galaxies from tiny primodial fluctuations generated during inflation.
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These notes form an introduction to cosmology with special emphasis on large scale structure, the cmb anisotropy and inflation. In some places a basic familiarity with particle physics is assumed, but otherwise no special knowledge is needed.
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The authors review the current standard model for the evolution of the Universe from an early inflationary epoch to the complex hierarchy of structure seen today. The text concludes with discussion of some open questions in cosmology.
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